New anthology analyses ethical and trustworthy AI in EU

Published: December 1, 2020

The European approach to artificial intelligence (AI) points to ethical considerations, human control and trustworthiness as its core tenets. But how clearly is this approach reflected in the Member
States’ strategies?

That is the question examined in the anthology “Human-centred AI in the EU – Trustworthiness as a strategic priority in the European Member states”, with contributions, among others, by Stefan Larsson (editor), project leader in WASP-HS, Fredrik Heintz (comments), co-project leader, and Kasia Söderlund, PhD student in the WASP-HS program, Lund University.

The anthology analyses to what extent the notions of ethical and trustworthy AI, presented by the High-Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence and the European Commission, have influenced AI strategies in Portugal, The Netherlands, Italy, the Czech Republic, Poland, Norway as well as the Nordics overall.

The anthology’s starting point is the European Commission’s approach on “trustworthy AI”, expressed in the European Commission’s guidelines for ethical and reliable AI, in the Commission’s 33 policy and investment recommendations for trustworthy AI, as well as in the Commission’s White Paper on Artificial Intelligence. A central and guiding question is to what extent the elements of the Ethics Guidelines, such as ethical principles and key requirements, are displayed in the national strategy. Furthermore, the authors examine how countries talk about and promote AI in terms of applicability, consumer awareness, entrepreneurship, environmental concern and inequality.

The report is published by the European Liberal Forum asbl with the support of Fores. Co-funded by the European Parliament.


Fredrik Heintz, Associate Professor of Computer Science at Linköping University, member of the European Commission High-Level Expert Group on AI (AI HLEG), president of the Swedish AI Society.

Stefan Larsson, lawyer, Associate Professor in Technology and Social Change, Lund University, researcher, FORES, editor of ”Human-centred AI in the EU”.

Kasia Söderlund, LLM, PhD student in Technology and Society, Lund University, Sweden.

Download the anthology.

On the 30 November the anthology was launched during an online seminar. Watch the launch.

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